CBD, or cannabidiol, has become popular in a short amount of time. This is mainly due to the ennumerous benefits it carries. The potential to help aide various types of ailments has made it an all-round champion in terms of usability. And, as icing on the cake, it can be used for treating both humans and animals. The wide possibilities of CBD in health is so vast, many are suprised when they first learn about it. With a wide array of benefits, availability in various forms, eventual legalization (thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill,) and finally the relaxation provided towards the end simple make CBD seem a fairy-tale supplement. That being said, one important concern often comes up – are there any side-effects from using CBD? In this article, we’ll discuss CBD oil side effects you should know about before you take CBD for the first time.
Before we discuss possible side effects of taking CBD, let’s first look at some of the reasons why people take CBD.
CBD Oil Benefits – What is CBD Good For?
Some of the benefits of cannabidiol or CBD includes:
CBD Benefits for Anxiety & Depression
By playing on the levels of serotonin – the “happy hormone” in our body, CBD helps alleviate the mood of those who are affected by anxiety and depression. In humans, it is beneficial especially in the case of SAD (Social Anxiety Disorder) and PTSD (Post Traumatic Anxiety Disorder.) In animals, CBD helps them calm down when under stress, such as during Separation Anxiety.
A study done between two groups of SAD patients showed that the group dosed with CBD showed better delivery of speech and confident behaviour as compared to the placebo group.
Neural Regeneration & Epilepsy
CBD promotes the growth of nerves of the brain in the hippocampal region and also protects it from damage. Further, it has been studied that CBD slows down the ageing of the nerves of the brain, highlighting the importance of CBD for neural regeneration and neural health. In addition, CBD has also tested positively in some studies into Parkinson’s. However, there were a few negative results too, so additional study of CBD’s medical benefits in Parkinson’s disease is still needed.
CBD is also used in the treatment of Dravet & Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome with Epidiolex. Epidiolex is the only approved CBD prescription drug in the USA and is therby the only CBD product to feature in the list of Schedule 5 Drug.
Anti-Inflammatory & Pain Relieving Benefits of CBD
The most famous properties of CBD are its pain relief and anti-inflammatory properties. When you take CBD, it acts with the Endocannabinoid System within our bodies and can assist with relief from pain and inflammation. It can also help relieve pain from arthritis and muscle strains, improve mobility, and lessened swelling.
Anti-Cancerous Properties of CBD
CBD may emerge as a game changer in the field of cancer studies. Studies have shown inhibiting and death of human breast cancer cells when CBD was introduced. This gives us positive hopes on CBD’s anti-cancer properties.
Also, CBD can help reduce nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy sessions when mixed with THC, as observed in a study on 177 people experiencing cancer related pain.
Acne Reduction & Skin Benefits from CBD
The anti-inflammation properties of CBD get to show their magic on the skin as well as CBD helps fight acnes and reduce their growth. It can also improve skin tone and counters dull skin. Along with helping to repair the damage caused to the skin by UV-rays and environmental pollutants, people use CBD in the treatment of Eczema, Psoriasis, and other skin ailments. CBD skin care and CBD beauty products are becoming more available in the market.
Heart Related Benefits
Cannabinoids have a direct effect upon the vascular system. CBD is capable of inducing vasorelaxation, i.e. reduction in the tension of blood vessel walls. CBD has the ability to not just reduce resting blood pressure but also control it when faced with stress is around. A 2017 research paper published within the journal JCL Insight investigated & concluded the blood pressure-lowering effects of CBD on humans. The results indicated that CBD brought down resting systolic blood pressure (the maximum arterial blood pressure during heart contraction) & reduced stroke volume (volume of blood pumped per beat). These results are important especially given the fact that high blood pressure is a contributing factor to ischaemic heart disease.
Now that we’ve discuss the benefits of CBD, it’s time to discuss the potential side effects of CBD. Please remember that everyone reacts to CBD differently and your experience will likely differ from someone else. You may experience one, some, or none of these side effects.
Positive CBD Side Effects
1. No “High” Feeling
Users have not reported any sort of ?high? effect opposite to the usual fear. Rather, it has been considered to ease heartbeats of users & calm their senses. The best thing is its influence of making way to mental relaxation starting from physical relaxation.
2. CBD oil often eases the feeling of anxiousness
CBD tends to make people less anxious, help them relax into a more happy and comfortable mental space. This in turn can assist in regaining focus on things which were lost to anxiety.
3. CBD may help you feel more energetic
This can be credited to its ability to interact with the neurotransmitters and receptors in the brain besides making the brain more attentive. This is simply because it balances other problems like anxiety, stress in such ways that the brain can execute other activities thus making things better with energy level.
4. You may experienced better sleep from CBD
CBD oil eases the brain’s thinking ability as well as improves sleep. Many users have shared they did experienced less of the overthinking and toss-&-turn phase of unsettled minds after taking CBD, which helped them sleep longer, better and more peacefully.
5. CBD may improve your mood
It has also been reported by users that usage of CBD oil added a feeling of “better mood”. For this, we can simply credit it to CBD affecting how the brain receives serotonin hormone levels, which improves the mood of the user.
Most Common Adverse CBD Side Effects You Should Know
As mentioned earlier, everyone reacts to CBD differently. As such here are a few othe CBD oils side effects you should be aware of.
1. Tiredness, Diarrhea & Changes in Weight & Appetite
In a review published in the journal Cannabis & Cannabinoid Research in 2017, side effects from taking CBD were observed and recorded on patients, most of whom were suffering from epilepsy and psychotic disorders. According the the study, the most common adverse side effects of CBD usage were tiredness, diarrhea and changes in both weight and appetite.
2. Liver Drug Metabolism
CBD interacts well with drug-metabolising enzymes like cytochrome P450 family. 60% content of all pharmaceutical drugs is metabolised by this enzyme. Coincidentally, this enzyme is also responsible for the metabolism of CBD. High doses of CBD can temporarily neutralize the liver enzymes, thus interfering in the drug metabolism process.
Additionally, certain pharmaceutical drugs inhibit this enzyme, which may slow CBD’s breakdown. They can also boost CBD breakdown more than needed.
If you are taking any medication, be sure to talk to your doctor before adding CBD to your health routine to avoid any negative drug interactions.
3. Pregnancy Risk
In a study reported by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), it was found that short-term exposure to cannabidiol increased the permeability of the placental barrier, thus placing the fetus at risk from certain substances. While most of the report specifically discussed the risks associated with marijuana and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it’s best pregnant women and nursing mothers avoid CBD.
4. Dry Mouth
The salivary glands house cannabinoid receptors of your ECS (Endocannabinoid System.) CBD interacts with these receptors and inhibits saliva secretion which then dries out the mouth. A glass of water or juice will quickly address this.
A good way to help reduce the potential of adverise side effects resulting from CBD is to ensure you are taking the correct CBD dosage. Here’s how to find the best CBD dosage for you.
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Finding the Best CBD Dosage
The ECS is the playground for CBD. Without that things are not going to work by any means. However, since every individual’s ECS is different, the effect of CBD and the amount of CBD you’ll need to take to achieve your desired effect varies considerable. While an individual might get relieved by 5-10 mg of CBD per day, another might require 100-200mg of CBD. Furthermore, the FDA doesn’t offer an RDI (Recommended Daily Intake) level of CBD, so people often get highly confused when it comes to CBD dosage.
To find the correct dosage, first check the packaging of the product. The brand offers a recommended dosage which is a good place to start. Next we should consider the following:
- Concentration Level Of The CBD Product
Different CBD products have different CBD concentration. Thus, it is essential to buy the product based on its CBD content. New CBD users should start with a low dosage and gradually increased over a period of time as needed.
- The Weight Of An Individual
The best dosage of CBD is directly proportional to your weight. If the weight increases, the CBD dosage increases, if the weight goes down, the dosage also falls.
- The Biphasic Effect
CBD is a biphasic compound. This means that certain dosage level will produce one effect while increased levels of CBD would show considerable differences in effect.
- Doctor’s Word
Doctor’s advice is strongly recommended. If you are currently taking medication and want to start taking CBD it becomes all the more important as CBD may interfere with how some pharmaceutical drugs work.
- Age & Metabolism
Your age dose affect the best CBD dosage for you. An 8 year old will require a lower dosage of CBD compared to an 38 year old. Since our bodies have different metabolisms, the dosage also varies based on that. One person’s body might metabolise CBD quickly while it might act slower due to slower metabolism in another individual. The dosage between people of similar age would also vary because their lifestyle will impact their metabolism which could differ greatly.
- CBD Product Type
Different CBD products have varying CBD dosages
- Capsules: Each CBD capsule comes with specific fixed mg of CBD in it. Take the capsule based on the suggested dosage.
- Oil & Tinctures: Divide the CBD content in the tincture or oil by the total quantity of tincture or oil in the bottle and you’ll get CBD content per dropper. Most CBD oils have measured droppers for better dosage control.
- Topicals: The dosage is simply based on the relief achieved from using the topicals. Generally, start with a low amount and use more as needed.
- Edibles: CBD edibles should list the contained amount of CBD per serving.
Is it Safe to Use CBD Oil Every Day?
Furthermore, WHO’s (World Health Organization) view of CBD is that “the substance was not found to have psychoactive properties, and presents no potential for abuse or dependence.” If you following correct dosages and a healthy routine, then it should be safe to take CBD every day. Of course, you should keep an eye out for any adverse side effects and consult your doctor immediately should you experience anything serious.
From the points above, we can conclude that CBD doesn’t have serious side-effects as compared to other medical remedies. There hasn’t been any reported death or serious implications due to CBD overdose even at levels as high as 1500 mg of CBD intake/day. But, in some cases where it is unsafe, it shouldn’t be administered any way. It’s important to to talk to a trusted health care provider before trying CBD for the first time. Though the side-effects are limited, it should still be considered thoughtfully.